Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst became a bank robber, fugitive and jailbird after her shocking kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army, a band of radical leftists dedicated to transforming American society.
It was a far cry from the quiet life she led as a student in Berkeley, Calif. Her privileged existence as media mogul William Randolph Hearst's granddaughter came to a chilling end on Feb. 4, 1974, when she was dragged at gunpoint from her apartment.
SLA leader and escaped convict Donald DeFreeze issued a bizarre ransom demand: the release of two jailed gang members and $70 in food for every needy person in the Golden State.
BRAINWASH HIS PRISONER
Her father donated $6 million to the poor of the Bay Area but for the next 57 days, Hearst recalled she was "blindfolded, gagged, tied up" in a closet.
To brainwash his prisoner, DeFreeze raped and beat her repeatedly, and bombarded her with angry rants against the U.S. government.
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Years later, she relived the ordeal, saying: "You're deprived of sight, light, sleep and food. You depend on them for all information. And the dread is just the threat constantly that you'll be killed if you don't cooperate."
Ultimately, she adopted the "revolutionary" name Tania and was caught on surveillance cameras holding a rifle as the SLA robbed San Francisco's Hibernia Bank.
Two witnesses were shot during the heist. Hearst went from victim to wanted fugitive.
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Over the next 17 months, the SLA was involved in other robberies and shootings. Most gang members were killed in a May 1974 gun battle with police. But the former debutante- turned-self-described "urban guerrilla" lived on the lam until Sept. 18, 1975.
During her trial for the Hibernia Bank job, high-priced defense attorney F. Lee Bailey insisted Patty's crime spree was the result of brainwashing.
The jury didn't buy it. Hearst was given seven years in the slammer. President Jimmy Carter commuted her sentence after two years and President Bill Clinton gave her a full pardon in 2001.
Now 59, the socialite married her bodyguard Bernard L. Shaw while on parole in 1979. They had two daughters, Gillian, 32 and Lydia, 29. She has taken to acting, appearing mostly in bit parts and B-movies.
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